UKUHAMBA KWEBHAYISikile ENDLELENI

Umdyarho weebhayisekile ezindleleni ngumjikelo wemidlalo kuhambo lwebhayisikile, ebanjelwe kwiindlela ezilungisiweyo. Umdyarho ezindleleni yeyona ndlela idumileyo yokubaleka ibhayisekile, ngokwamanani okhuphiswano, iminyhadala kunye nababukeli. Ezi fomati zimbini zokhuphiswano zixhaphakileyo zeziganeko zokuqala, apho abakhweli baqala khona ngaxeshanye (nangona ngamanye amaxesha benokukhubazeka) kunye nomdyarho wokubeka inqaku lokugqibela; kunye nezilingo zexesha, apho abakhweli okanye amaqela abaleka ikhosi eyedwa ngokuchasene nexesha. Imidyarho yeqonga okanye "ukhenketho" luthatha iintsuku ezininzi, kwaye luqulathe amanqanaba aliqela okuqala okanye amaxesha olingo ahamba ngokulandelelana.
Umdyarho wobuchule ovela eNtshona Yurophu, egxile eFrance, eSpain, e-Itali nakumazwe asezantsi. Ukusukela embindini we-1980s, ezemidlalo ziye zahluka, kunye nemidyarho yobungcali ngoku ibanjelwe kuwo onke amazwekazi omhlaba. Imidyarho yeembaleki kunye neyamateur nayo ibanjelwe kumazwe amaninzi. Umdlalo ulawulwa yi-Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). Kananjalo i-UCI yonyaka yoKhuphiswano lweHlabathi lwamadoda nabasetyhini, owona msitho mkhulu yiTour de France, ugqatso lweeveki ezintathu olunokutsala ngaphezulu kwe-500,000 yeendlela zendlela ngosuku.

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Usuku olunye

Uhambo lomdyarho losuku olunye olunobuchule lunokuba lude kangange-180 yeekhilomitha (290 km). Iikhosi zinokubaleka zisuka kwenye indawo ziye kwenye okanye zibandakanya isithuba esinye okanye ezingaphezulu zesekethe; ezinye iikhosi zidibanisa zombini, okt, ukuthatha abakhweli ukusuka kwindawo yokuqala baze bagqibe ngemijikelo emininzi yesekethe (ngesiqhelo ukuqinisekisa umboniso olungileyo kubabukeli ekugqibeleni). Imidyarho ngaphezulu kweesekethe ezifutshane, zihlala zihlala edolophini okanye kumaziko edolophu, zaziwa njengeendawo zokuhluza. Ezinye iintlanga, ezaziwa njengokukhubazeka, zenzelwe ukufanisa abakhweli bezakhono ezahlukeneyo kunye / okanye nobudala; amaqela abakhweli abacothayo aqala kuqala, abona bakhweli bakhawulezayo baqala okokugqibela kwaye ke kufuneka babaleke kakhulu kwaye bakhawuleze ukubamba abanye okhuphisana nabo.

Uvavanyo lwexesha

Uvavanyo lwexesha lomntu ngamnye (ITT) sisiganeko apho abakhweli beebhayisikile bebaleka bodwa ngokuchasene newotshi kwindawo ethe tyaba okanye eqengqelekayo, okanye enyuka indlela esezintabeni. Uvavanyo lwexesha leqela (i-TTT), kubandakanya ukulingwa kweqela lamadoda amabini, kukhuphiswano lwebhayisikile esekwe kwindlela apho amaqela abakhweli bebhayisikile abaleka ngokuchasene nexesha. Kuwo omabini amaqela kunye novavanyo lwexesha ngalinye, abakhweli beebhayisikile baqala ugqatso ngamaxesha ahlukeneyo ukuze isiqalo ngasinye silingane kwaye silingane. Ngokungafaniyo nezilingo zexesha elinye apho abo bakhuphisana nabo bengavumelekanga ukuba 'bayile' (bakhwele kwislipstream) emva komnye nomnye, kuvavanyo lwexesha leqela, abakhweli kwiqela ngalinye bakusebenzisa oku njengeqhinga labo eliphambili, ilungu ngalinye lijika ngaphambili ngelixa labadlali hlala emva. Umgama wobugqwirha uyahluka ukusuka kwiikhilomitha ezimbalwa (ngesiqhelo intshayelelo, ityala elizimeleyo elihlala lingaphantsi kwe-5 yeekhilomitha (i-8.0 km) phambi komdyarho weqonga, esetyenziselwa ukumisela ukuba ngubani umkhweli onxibe ijezi yenkokeli kwinqanaba lokuqala) ukuya phakathi kweekhilomitha ezingama-20 (Iikhilomitha ezingama-32) kunye neekhilomitha ezingama-60 (97 km).

IRandonneuring kunye nomgama omde

Umdyarho weebhayisekile omgama omde ziziganeko ezide kakhulu zenqanaba elinye apho iwotshi yomdyarho iqhubeka ngokuqhubekayo ukusuka ekuqaleni ukuya ekugqibeleni. Ngokwesiqhelo bahlala iintsuku ezininzi kwaye abakhweli bathatha ikhefu kwiishedyuli zabo, ophumeleleyo abe ngowokuqala ukuwela umgca wokugqibela. Phakathi kweyona ultramarathons yaziwa kakhulu kukugqatso kulo lonke elaseMelika (RAAM), unxweme olungaselunxwemeni, ugqatso lweqonga elinye apho abagibeli begubungela malunga neekhilomitha ezingama-4,800 malunga neveki. Umdyarho ugwetywe nguMbutho weeBhayisikile we-UltraMarathon (UMCA). IRAAM kunye neziganeko ezifanayo zivumela (kwaye zihlala zifuna) iiracers ukuba zixhaswe liqela labasebenzi; Kukwakho nemidyarho yeebhayisekile emide kakhulu ethintela yonke inkxaso yangaphandle, enje ngeTranscontinental Race kunye neIndiya Pacific Wheel Race.
Umsebenzi onxulumene nokukhutshwa kwerandi ayisiyohlobo lokubaleka ngokungagungqiyo, kodwa kubandakanya ukuhamba ngebhayisikile ikhosi esele imiselwe ngaphakathi kwexesha elimiselweyo.


Ixesha Post: Jul-02-2021